English

How to learn English topics?

All huge greetings! To quickly replenish vocabulary of English and remember the syntax, English topic – is the perfect remedy. Let me remind you that the topic – it is a short story about a specific topic, which involves full or partial memorizing and retelling later. Many are of the opinion that the topics to be taught in English by heart, others argue that this is not necessary.
Until now, there is debate about this. However, I share the opinion of those who believe that the topics are not necessarily of English teaching in memory or cram. In my opinion, a much better performance will be, if you understand the meaning of the text, and you can tell it in his own words, that is, to develop a theme, based on the proposed topic. Because everything related to the memorization of students never enthused. Therefore, the retelling of topics is not popular.

At the same time prepare the text – it is a very useful material. So I suppose the possibility that the beginning when you’re just starting to learn English, even the rote memorization and subsequent retelling can be useful for:

You need to understand that learning and retelling of texts in English – it’s not just useless, routine task. In fact, it is very efficient and effective way to develop skills in speaking. It can be traced through the reading features and nuances of constructing syntax. How to quickly master the English text? For starters, you need to prepare himself topic.

How to prepare the text to paraphrase?

If you need to prepare an oral retelling of the English language on a given topic, then you will successfully perform the following simple algorithm:

First, a quick run through the entire text, to read it.  Try to identify the most difficult phrases try to capture what I wanted to convey to you the author. Re-read the work, highlight unfamiliar sentence fragments. Based on the context, try to guess their meaning. The most difficult word to replace the simple synonyms that are understandable and accessible to others and you
Highlight the most important part of the work that you believe should be taught. Do not break the logical and grammatical structure of the work. If you are not sure of the correctness of the design, then pick out the parts that you are confident . Take the first attempt to paraphrase his own words in the correct order utter phrases and sentences. Pay special attention to correct pronunciation, if in doubt, look in the dictionary and check the transcription. Because mispronunciation would nullify all your torments. If you are a supporter of English to teach the topic by heart, read the first sentence, repeat it aloud a few times, then a second, then do the same operation with the third sentence, and so on until the end of the paragraph. Then try to repeat the entire paragraph in full, and then go to the next chapter, and so continue till the end .  Start your story with introductory phrases like «I will tell you about …» (I will tell you …), that students were immediately aware of the theme of your message Finish the story’s concluding words like «Thank you for your attention» (Thank you) to listen to understand that your message has come to an end.
I think if you follow this algorithm, you will significantly lighten your life. How quickly learn the topic in English?

You will quickly and easily learn any English text, if you break it into small pieces (5-7 passages), and learn each of them individually. These excerpts printed out, but rather rewrite the hand of each piece on a separate piece of paper the size of a compact. After re-reading and start to touch, get a card.

Try to grasp the meaning of each word, and the meaning of the sentence of the text as a whole. Unfamiliar words and complex to replace the easily pronounceable and acquaintances you tokens
Remember Micro theme of each paragraph. If the proposal is too complicated and long, then shorten it and simplify, removing minor words, or breaking it down into a few simple suggestions
Once you notice that you can easily remember and reproduce the main theme of the proposal to use keywords (noun, verb), you can add secondary elements (adverbs, adjectives)
If you have good pronunciation, read aloud topic recorded on the recorder, and listen to the recording By following these recommendations, you will easily be able to learn one or two a day Topeka.

In conclusion I want to say, memorize stable expression – it’s very useful for the development of speaking skills and oral statements in the English language, as well as to study and replenishment vocabulary.

I wish you success and good mood!

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Writing an essay in English

Writing an essay in English – the standard specification for the exam. That is the job accrue the most points since the job itself is not easy. Even in their native language not everyone will be able to competently and consistently express their thoughts on a particular topic. What can we say, if you have to do it in English.

So, what is the essay? The essay is a short essay, the purpose of which is the transfer of personal experiences and views on a particular issue. It is a creative task, like writing an essay, makes it possible to characterize you as a person, show your world view, your knowledge, your potential.

As you know, to write an essay in English requires a fairly high level of knowledge of the language, and since this task can be called creative, you have to learn to express their point of view and develop a given idea. This art is quite possible to master, especially if you follow the plan, which we will discuss below. I’ll give you a couple of very useful tips for writing an essay in English, which you do not have time to help. Essays in English should include three semantic parts: an introduction, main part and conclusion.

Introduction

In the introduction, you should clearly define the key theme-problem that actually you and will talk further. That is, you first have to inform the subject of essays, to paraphrase it with the synonyms of keywords. You have to show that to understand and comprehend the topic.

It should also be noted that there are conflicting opinions on this issue, and to identify what kind of position you occupy. This is best used impersonal structure to emphasize the objectivity.

The introduction may include a comment on the topic. This could be the definition of key concepts and your explanation of how you understand the topic. You can list exactly which aspects of the theme will be considered and why.

Main part

In the main part you have to share their reflections and thoughts on the subject. Your arguments are the arguments must be given in a logical sequence. You must present some arguments which will confirm your point of view, as well as examples that can illustratively to express your point of view.

In the main part you should also give some opposing views, which are at odds with your personal opinion, and tell why you disagree with them. Everything must be reasoned and supported by examples.

All the information in the main part to be logically divided (ie, the text is divided into paragraphs). You should be well thought-out design of your essays and correctly summarize the main part of the conclusion.

Conclusion

Conclusion – is the final part of your essay. In conclusion, you should summarize the arguments expressed, ie, conclude and confirm your point of view. Depending on the essay topic, it may be appropriate to give a solid and streamlined answer to the topic question. Alternatively, you can specify the perspective and the effects of a given problem.

In conclusion, you have to express their opinion, which is supported by the arguments discussed above. In conclusion usually it is appropriate to list the main idea of ​​the essay. In this case you need to refer to the introduction and draw parallels. But do not repeat word for word using a different formulation.

In conclusion, may present further thoughts suggestive question, quote, bright showy way (of course if appropriate). Alternatively, in the conclusion you can offer solutions to the problem under discussion, to predict the results or consequences, call for action.

Conclusion – this is the most important part of the essay. After all, in the conclusion it is all the value of your work, where you Summing up your arguments. In it you show how serious you are approached to consider the given topic and how much you are able to do on their own reasoning and conclusions.

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10 reasons to learn English

Most of us learn a foreign language is not puzzling, why do we actually ought to, in fact. In particular, on the development of foreign language courses for the first lesson, the teacher asks the students what their goal of learning English, what reasons prompted them to take the mastery of the language. What would you answer this question? Why do you need English?
Since izvedyvat alien traditions, history and culture, you have to understand why you do it, with the result that you aspire to fuck with it. The courses will help the teacher to determine the motivation, but if you decide to learn a language from scratch, we will try to find decent answers to these tricky questions with you.
Often, as reasons to learn the language are the variety of beliefs. It is much easier to learn when there is a goal toward which aspire to. With goal-setting should not rely only on emotions, as this phenomenon is not permanent. The decisive role in the effort to learn English should have reason and motivation – conscious and well thought out.
The importance of mastering the language of the reasons must be commensurate with respect to the level of motivation of English. It should suit your preferences and desires come from within. It was then the target will be set correctly, and the motivation to bring tangible benefits. Set as English in contact with your target – go directly indirectly. Based on these relationships depend on their level of learning the language so that you can rather go to the intended outcome. This is crucial, as you have to decide what to produce stress – superficial acquaintance with the basic lexical composition, or immerse yourself in linguistics and grammar.

Why learn English?

Along with the direct purpose, the impetus for the study of English may be indirect causes that are close to the subject: View of American and British films in the original text of the perception of your favorite music, chat with foreigners etc. Besides, understanding foreign words contributes to the flexibility of creative thinking and intellectual maturation of options.
And now take a look specifically with 10 reasons why learning a foreign language:
1. Rest. While traveling around the globe, you can always talk with the locals, if you speak English. Before traveling on vacation to remember a narrow list of phrases cliché language to communicate with the natives. Memorize standard tourist expressions, learn about the culture and traditions of the country to travel in comfort
2. The study or work abroad. If you are often sent on missions abroad, or you want to go to college or university in the UK or the US, you just need to get the basic linguistic knowledge. You should study the lexical composition, grammar and terminology that you need abroad at first to communicate with teachers, colleagues or partners
3. Transfer to the English speaking country for permanent residence. Permanent residence in another Power requires you to maximum concentration of forces on the study of language. A few months before the move is necessary to start learning English, to the time of arrival in your lexical reserve was about 3 500 words to communicate with the public, to the knowledge of reading and writing
4. Adding mites once prosperous future. This light may be related to the purpose of study, work, or personal development. Many opportunities open to a person who owns a language of international communication. Having mastered professional communication and explore the features of the state, you will be able to successfully apply the acquired knowledge for different purposes
5. Acquisition of new acquaintances. Nice to chat with foreigners friendly correspondence, business co-operation, exchange of outlandish experience interesting knowledge, expanding horizons for self-improvement – these reasons are often referred to as those who have already begun to explore Inglisha
6. Sensible supplement to the salary. Everyone certainly knows that employees who are fluent in a foreign speech, earned mainly in the 25% -30% less than their counterparts who are not able to communicate with foreigners. This first use their skill at times no more than a few times a year
7. Exercises memory. Have an outstanding memory everyone wants. The more you its use, the faster it develops. At the appropriate level it takes Exercises memory when it learned of bilingualism or multilingualism. Polyglots have exceptional intellectual abilities
8. Fun his ego. Any one of us imagines himself the most exclusive, smart and decent. Because the cause of outlandish learn to entertain your own “I”, to get a mental advantage over the environment, appease trivial curiosity, there is very often
9. Availability. There are plenty of well-developed methods, techniques and materials for independent mastering English language. Everywhere – in advertising, on the windows, on TV we see and hear a variety of labels, phrases, news in English. Which are deposited in our subconscious
10. comprehension of the value of foreign favorite songs and poems. You always nice to understand what he wants to say in the song’s favorite performer, and reread the classics of literature in the original look of the movie or without a parallel transfer – fantastic fun!
If you managed to find a good reason why you should learn English, then start to deal with it right now!

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Let’s see why we have to learn English

Today the question, why learn English, it sounds a bit strange. The simple answer to it is equivalent to answering the question of why study math or physics. It is also important, as well as the right to speak, read and write in Russian.

As an international means of communication, and the official language of many countries, English has become firmly established in our lives. His knowledge can read the original works of foreign writers, watch new movies without translation, use foreign sites and, of course, free to communicate with the public virtually any country in the world.

Why do I need to learn English for business travelers?

Do you like to travel? Then our English courses in St. Petersburg – speaking or English from scratch – will allow you not to experience language barriers when communicating with foreign tourists and not to be trapped abroad. After all, in America, in Africa, Asia, and Australia speak in English.

Actively developing business and strive for international recognition? Then our Business English – option for you. Having the opportunity to learn English online, businesses are not spending the time to visit the traditional courses. In addition, none of the partners, and colleagues never know where and when you have learned the language so well – in Englishtown, or at school.

Why do we have led for example, travelers and businessmen? Because the two active travels the world category of people – some go for fun, others to develop and expand their businesses. And communicate and the others have the same much. Moreover, in different parts of the world speak in English with their accent and their own dialect. EF Education by the method ensures an understanding of the interlocutor in any corner of the world.

Why should children learn English?

Children of primary school age and – a special category students. Toddlers tend to teach the language of the parents, so that the internal motivation – own need to speak and understand in English, there is no need to talk. But our teachers awaken a genuine interest in the language, and after a while their own children are trying to learn new topics and for them to fill up your vocabulary.

English lessons for kids are designed to not only lay a solid foundation of knowledge that will undoubtedly be useful in adult life, but are also a “side effect” – eliminating communication barriers, broaden their horizons, develop fine and gross motor skills in making handicrafts and participating in related activities the study of language. Well, about the value of such training to school and can not speak.

Why do you need English to teenagers?

As a teenager, learning English is necessary, first of all, as the stage of preparation for entrance to university, the profession and self-affirmation. And about the creative possibilities with the knowledge of a foreign language and can not speak.

Own song or poem in English may be cause for envy of their peers. A friend on the internet from abroad in general will give a special status to any teenager, not to mention the fact that you can easily read and listen to the latest news of foreign music, movies, animation and game industry. After all, the most popular games and anime is out in English and translated into Russian just before the premiere in Russia.

Studying at EF, you get the opportunity to improve their status, obtain unique knowledge that will pay off handsomely when properly used.

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We speak in Russian is difficult

We speak in Russian at birth and do not think about the fact that our great and mighty at times very difficult and illogical. This is especially notice when trying to teach Russian as a foreign language.

My Antonio barely utters the word “please” and can not pronounce the “I want”, but knows the word “pour” and already used to say that every “yes” we sometimes not enough.

He does not go in, why should I, a carrier of the Russian language, the texts need concealer, and is convinced that the Russian language sounds like a cross between a lorry and any other language, read from right to left.

1. Only in our language the word “uh huh” is synonymous with the words “yes”, “please”, “thank you”, “good day”, “not at all” and “excuse me” and the word “come” in most cases, replaces “bye”.

2. In the Russian language there is future, present and past, but all the same verbs in the present tense we can express and the past (“I was walking down the street yesterday …”) and the future (“Tomorrow I go to the cinema”), and verb past tense, we can express an order (“quickly went out of here!”). In Italy, too, with all the hard times, there are about ten.

3. The Italian permissible double negative in English – only one; In some languages, double negation can express approval, but only in the Russian double statement “Well, yes, of course!” expresses the denial or doubt in the words of the speaker.

4. Different languages ​​are denoted by different animal sounds interjections. For example, a dog barking, according to the Italians, more like a “bau-bau” than on the “bow-wow.” We roosters crow, and English cock crow designated as Cock-a-doodle-doo.

5. In the Russian language the same obscenities and insult possible, and express my admiration for all the other shades of emotion. We even many similar expressions, while in English is particularly prevalent only the word fuck.

6. Not all Russian speakers put the right emphasis in the word “calling”, to say nothing about the foreigners who do not know what it is. In French, the emphasis is always on the last syllable in Italian – on the penultimate.

7. student of Russian, can enter into a stupor, the phrase “no, probably,” at the same time and carries the approval and denial, and self-doubt.

8. The Italian language is complicated by the fact that each verb conjugations has eight, and in the Russian language is sometimes the verb do not have any form. For example, “win”, he wins, you win … I win? I will run? defeated? Philologists suggest using substitute constructions like “I win” or “I will be the winner.”

9. It is not clear why the fork is on the table, and the plate is, at the same time in a skillet dish will be a lie.

10. Ask a foreigner utter hissing Well, w, h, s – like torture. The Italians are not able to pronounce the syllables of these letters, especially if they are located next to the word, like the word “want”.

I brought only 10 of the most common examples of the hundreds of thousands of evidence that we speak in one of the most difficult languages ​​in the world. One can only sympathize with foreigners, taking in hand books in Russian.

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Proofreader

The worker, eliminating grammatical errors, typos and other errors in preparing for printing text.
Any written text, which is destined to see the light (in a book, newspaper or magazine, subtitles for the film, or in some other way), must be stated perfectly correctly. To achieve this result, the corrector is designed to work. After the manuscript is almost always contains bugs – they inevitably arise when typing and editing text on the computer, and the authors do not always have perfect literacy.

Meanwhile errors not only make an unpleasant text for readers (who also like the book printed, as if the author was in school, “two” in the Russian language?), But sometimes completely distort its meaning. For example, if the error falls into a mathematical formula that will use shu impossible. And if incorrectly write the name of the famous statesman or just confuse the letter in an article about him (“After the speech there was applause coffin”), it could trigger a political scandal and turn into serious trouble for the publisher.

Proofreader carefully proofread texts being prepared for printing, fixing them in grammatical errors and typos. In addition, it monitors compliance with the rules set and typesetting (for example, tracks that the text had the same indentation and spacing between lines), checks that were not reversed captions, page numbers, table of contents, and so on. N.

Proofreader – one of the most common professions in the publishing business, without these professionals do not do any publishing house, neither any respectable magazine or newspaper. Recently, proofreaders and invite respecting owners of Internet sites (although, unfortunately, literacy rate letters have not yet been accepted on the Internet). The work offsets are often organized on a free schedule: they get through the text and bring their allotted period have already been corrected. Where and when to work with them, define themselves.

Generally, proofreaders are people with higher philological education, graduating from classical universities or educational institutions. However, a diploma is not yet a decisive factor, because most of these professionals are hired by the results of the tests (give applicants texts with errors, requiring them to find and fix). Proofreaders needed absolute literacy, perfect knowledge of the rules of spelling and punctuation, as well as knowledge of the requirements for the text for publication.

Occupation is hardly suitable to someone who himself has problems with literacy or letter is by nature a man of very mobile and sociable. Need punctuality, attentiveness, diligence – after the equalizer have to read about a hundred pages a day.

The demand for offsets in the labor market is slightly higher than the offer, and for someone who has the necessary professional qualifications, employment problems usually not. Quite often, proofreaders combine their work with teaching the English language. The level of income is, on average, about two thirds of the average wage in industry and depends not only on the experience of the worker, as the pace of its activities.

Opportunities for career minor. To improve the level of professionalism especially nowhere, as is understood that the absolute literacy has even a novice corrector: to become “more clever” is unlikely to succeed, we can only learn how to do their jobs faster and with less effort. However, you can master the related professions, for example, to become an editor and then to make a career in the publishing business, eventually occupying higher positions (manager of publishing projects, the head of editorial staff, and so on. N.).

Read more about Proofreader on Proofreading blog

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Structuring of educational material

In the school practice, work on formation of skills to generalize in the primary study material is still poorly implemented. Not yet well-developed methodology for such classes, there is little corresponding methodical literature. When learning spelling generalization of knowledge is associated mainly with the work on the final stages – at the stage of consolidation and repetition of already learned material. However, in modern psychology and didactics it is well defined and the other, quite promising direction, orienting on a course of training, when the total is not absorbed in the final, but at the initial stage. With regard to the spelling as such may serve in common group orfogramm and regulations, how to use them.
Spelling as a system based on similarities and differences of language phenomena, contains the objective prerequisites for consolidation and differentiation of material primarily on the stage of the primary study.


The process of forming generalizations at this stage suggests some changes in the work of teachers and the organization of cognitive activity of students. What are the means and methods of teaching are activated?

  • Structuring of educational material on the basis of identification and differentiating features of rules of word-building typologies and models of basic spelling threads;
  • use of props (theoretical and visual) at all stages of education; strengthening of heuristic orientation of training, the inclusion of various types of problem tasks, tasks and situations and training methods for their solutions;
  • the use of algorithmic orders (especially the model) and adequate samples of their motivation spellings (verbal and graphic);

the use of exercises that focus on the reasoning in the process of writing and graphic fixation of mental action on the synthesis and early differentiation spelling phenomena, the choice orfogramm under their alternative submission, the decision of cognitive tasks, receive feedback and self-realization.

In preparation for the study of generalized orthographic material must be realized the logic of a school textbook, to determine the most efficient sequence of interrelated subjects in the study and implementation of a system of exercises, appropriate to the new approach. The new approach involves the development of a new typology of generic lessons explore related themes and structure of the basic model of the lesson, gain the generalizing function of structural elements of the lesson. However – especially emphasize – Formation of theoretical generalizations in teaching spelling – it is only one, albeit a very important, a way of learning and methods of their application. Under the new approach provides unity of deductive and inductive way of knowledge, created the continuity of communication in the development of cognitive activity of students, and in addition, a motivational base for the Learning in the subsequent stages. The technique developed generalized study material can be used not only for teaching spelling, but also in the study of other sections of the course, as well as the study of other subjects. The positive results of experimental verification of the effectiveness of the developed method allows to recommend it for teachers, especially as its application does not require changes in school curricula and textbooks.
Below is a variant form of the lesson generalized knowledge in teaching spelling material on one of the most difficult for the students.

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Why do I need a proofreader

Faced with the recent opinion: proofreading work – uninteresting, purely mechanical, uncreative, poorly paid work …

Argue with that makes no sense. I can only say one thing: any job, if it is done carelessly, without a soul and commitment, does not bring satisfaction, not to mention the pleasure. Is the work of an accountant who is engaged in the delivery of monthly zero reporting, more fun and more diverse? But there are people who love their job and work professionally.

 

 

And to understand that such work can not be merely mechanical, it is necessary to imagine how it worked as a proofreader / editor.

Particularly interested in working with authors (and not with the publishers). Even if I did not order a literary text processing (ie editing processes), encountering an error in wording or language, I always stipulate these moments – or suggest your own version, or advise the author to alter. So the brain still has to strain!

And further. I love the language – its multi-variant, the wealth of synonyms (each with its own shade of meaning), imagery … It is therefore interesting to look for the exact words, to build a more “comfortable” design proposals.

And what about the realization that you set on zapyatashki sometimes radically dependent meaning of written! Of course, a great responsibility, but this and drive! About what “boredom” is all about? .. Remember the cartoon: the hero was in a fairy tale, and could forfeit his head if properly set up the signs?

And this, incidentally, is not quite such a fairy tale …

Proofreader – dangerous to work ever-memorable Stalin’s time, for example, no censorship NKVD not only errors, but even involuntary typos are not accepted. There was even a circular that required by security officers to increase their vigilance “in the struggle against the class enemy, penetrating the seal under the guise typos publishing anti-Soviet propaganda.”

And yet there have been cases now seem to us fantastic: for one single typo was arrested and shot the chief editor of the newspaper of the central Makhachkala. It is true that a typo was not just anywhere, but in the names … of the leader. And it is not any, and the worst possible. Instead, the letter “t” in black and yellowish-gray was printed the letter “p.” If for “Salina” Ufa equalizer put for five years, and for the “Stadina” just fired one of the editors of regional newspapers, for “Sralina” had to respond to the full …

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